Using a and an there is sometimes confusion about whether to use an or a, particularly with abbreviations(the words an and a are known as articles) the sound of a word's first letter determines which to use. The general rule for indefinite articles is to use a before consonants and an before vowels the trick here is to use your ears (how the acronym is pronounced), not your eyes (how it's spelled) hiv (pronounced aitch eye vee) begins with a vowel sound, so an hiv patient is correct hipaa . Using articles with abbreviations by judy vorfeld have you ever been confused about which article (a, an, the) to use in front of an abbreviation first . Today's topic is the difference between abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms it's kind of an extension of the last episode, because i want to clarify the difference between abbreviations and acronyms initialisms are made from the first letter (or letters) of a string of words, but can't be .
Can i use abbreviations in the title of a research paper up vote 12 down vote favorite 4 many journals will allow you to use abbreviations in titles, but you . If the abbreviation is obscure or unfamiliar, make sure to explain what it means the first time you use it acronyms and initialisms abbreviations come in a few different varieties. I tend to not use the word ‘the’ in front of acronyms, but i see this used in documents more and more do not put an article before the abbreviation.
Abbreviations, initials and acronyms - english grammar today - a reference to written and spoken english grammar and usage - cambridge dictionary we often use . Abbreviations and symbols & use an ampersand (&) between two authors or before the final author in your reference list, or within the parenthesis in an in-text . Abbreviations (abbrv) in journal (jrn) articles (artcs) the problem comes from the fact that we tend to use abbreviations when they make writing easier .
Indefinite article use with other acronyms and abbreviations may be confusing if pronunciation varies in the field one example is “mirna,” an abbreviation for “microrna,” which in turn is an abbreviation for “micro-ribonucleic acid”. The main reason we use abbreviations, including acronyms, is for convenience the use of multiple word names favored by government agencies, science and high technology has led to the demand for shorter simpler title for example comlog westpac is short for commander, logistic group, western pacific a department of the us navy and wsipc is . To rectify these problems, a study done in an emergency room at a tertiary care center developed an unapproved abbreviations list and, using a computerized tool to detect the unapproved abbreviations, provided doctors with individual feedback at the end of each month on their abbreviation use with comparisons to peers. Therefore you would use the indefinite article 'an', as in 'miles an hr' punctuation an abbreviation that is comprised of the first and last letters of the word, such as 'mr' (mister) is . Abbreviation use in the title, abstract, and/or keyword list of a paper may be discouraged by journals to enhance clarity, especially because these features are commonly used when searching for and browsing articles.
An abbreviations faq how do i use the words a and an before abbreviations use the article that matches the way the abbreviation is pronounced . As in our study, abbreviations dropped after three months (by 16%) and after sixth months (by 62%) additionally, when the program was extended to eight months, the use of unsafe abbreviations decreased by 83% (abushaiqa et al, 2007). To maximize clarity, apa prefers that authors use abbreviations sparingly although abbreviations are sometimes useful for long, technical terms in scientific writing, communication is usually garbled rather than clarified if, for example, an abbreviation is unfamiliar to the reader. Abbreviations can follow the rules of their creation, although, the meaning of one and the same abbreviation can differ, depending on the language category where it is used thus, following the theme of the current course which is based on the politics and law the research examples are chiefly taken from political articles.
But where an abbreviation is widely known, it is like an alternative name— and thus, whether or not the abbreviation takes an article is unrelated to whether it does so when spelled out, and is largely a matter of convention:. Article titles abbreviations are generally allowed in titles if an abbreviation is used in a title, it must be expanded (spelled out) in the abstract. Use articles correctly with abbreviations – use either “a” or “an” before an abbreviation in the same way you’d use the articles before a word “a” goes before a hard sound of the following word and “an” goes before a softer or vowel sound.